Eczema is a chronic hypersensitive skin reaction, similar to an allergy. An atopic dermatitis is a common form of eczema. The hallmark symptoms of eczema are intense itching and a red rash. Environmental irritants, stress, water, and temperature changes may worsen the symptoms. Fortunately, there are a variety of medications and preventative measures that can help ease your symptoms.
Eczema causes very itchy rash-like areas on the skin. Your skin may blister, ooze, and become raw or crusty. The skin may be very dry, leathery, or inflamed. Eczema occurs most commonly on the cheeks, elbows, and knees of infants and on the inside of the knees and elbows of adults.
There are many ways you may help to prevent eczema, including:
- Avoid environmental irritants that cause your symptoms, such as water or temperature changes.
- Moisturize your skin to prevent dryness.
- Manage daily stress, participate in relaxation techniques
- Avoid household irritants, such as cleaners, soaps, aftershave lotion, and solvents
- Wear gloves when your hands are exposed to water, irritants, or cold temperatures
- Wear clothes made of cotton or a cotton blend
- Use mild soap and moisturize after bathing
- Avoid moisturizers and skin products with perfume, extra ingredients, or preservatives
- Avoid getting hot and sweaty.